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Concarneau and its « Ville Close » : town with Art and History


Concarneau in Brittany

Walk along the corniche

The city tour is finally fast enough. Two hours to walk around the walled town and its ramparts. A walk to extend to the corniche and then around the harbor and to complete with a visit in the Museum of the Sea. Concarneau then offers other pleasures, with boating or swimming on its sandy beaches!

«  Ville Close » entrance

350 meters long and 100 meters wide : these are the dimensions of this island. It is around the 4th century that monks, attracted by the natural beauty of the site, built a priory on the island then uninhabited, which today became the “Ville Close” walled town of Concarneau. Because the small town was "more advantageously situated for defense than any other city in Britain", a garrison settled in these places up to there devoted to the pray. Behind the soldiers came the merchants.
Concarneau : Summer day in the old town /  Of its past of "fortress of the sea", the old town of Concarneau has kept its magnificent ramparts built in 14th and 15th centuries. Du Guesclin be covered himself with glory by expelling the English, who had entrenched. During the wars of religion, the Calvinists managed by surprise to seize the fortress, but the royal troops dislodged them and Henri IV received, during the spring of 1594, the key to the city.
On request of Louis XIV, Vauban undertook significant work. He built platforms for artillery, new towers, and added to the western headland of the island, a "castle", which for more than three centuries monitors the entrance to the walled town.

Shopping street of the old town

In the Vauban street, main axis of the citadel, souvenir shops and restaurants argue the best location. Perhaps you prefer an artisan ice cream!
Concarneau : pedestrians crossing by ferry to the walled town / Since the Middle Ages, a sailor made ​​the round trip between the old town and the district Lanriec located on the other side of the channel. The oldest written testimony describing this activity dating back to 1678, when the Abbey Landévennec owned the right of way. This service, private for several centuries, became municipal governance in 1976, under the responsibility of the marina. The ferry “bac” is this small boat that takes you through the harbor entrance, passing Lanriec to the old town, so you do not turn the bridge Moros or the dock if you go through the fishing port. Therefore very interesting to get into town quickly and very entertaining for visitors to Concarneau. This is about 200m crossing, the "smallest world cruise", with a ride that lasts 5 minutes maximum.


The Marina

In a historical context, leaning against the ramparts of the walled town, the harbor of Concarneau hosts more than 25,000 boaters annually.
Easily accessible day and night with a very complete markup, its uniqueness lies in the fact that it lies at the heart of the city, giving it a unique charm and provides quick access to various services and businesses in the city.

the fishing harbour

Located almost in the center of the city, the fishing port of Concarneau is in perfect harmony with the ancient and modern techniques. Concarneau still owes its economic growth to the sea. Since the 17th century, merchants settled in Ville Close import wood and rogue from Norway, sea salt, wines and brandies from Charente and Bordeaux exchanged with pressed sardines and cereals. 
The crises of the sardine fishery in the early 20th century, due to the absence of fish, forcing traders, marine and industrial canning to move to another fishing : the albacore. 
Trawlers now fish to northern Scotland and tuna seiners sail in Seychelles and in the Gulf of Guinea. Today, Concarneau is, in tonnage, the 3rd French fishing port and the 1st fresh tuna port in Europe.

Old town importance

The small square behind the governor's house is now covered with slabs of granite from Guern, in Brittany, while the Saint-Guénolé square in the heart of the walled town, has regained its original beauty through numerous renovations of the elegant facades of granite stone. 
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